Planning and sequencing involves planning and ordering new muscle (motor) actions (known as praxis). It involves first generating an idea of what you want to do (ideation), figuring out how you are going to do it (motor planning) and then doing or carrying out what you wanted to do (execution). Integration of the brain and the senses (e.g. touch, movement, vision, hearing) are required for good planning and sequencing. People with poor planning and sequencing may have to think harder to complete new physical tasks due to poorly integrated information from the sensory systems.
If a child has difficulties with planning and sequencing they might:
-- Have difficulty learning new motor tasks (requires more practice than their peers).
-- Appear clumsy or uncoordinated.
-- Be unable to perform the same skills as their peers (e.g. catch, kick, hop and jump).
-- Be less skillful than their peers in sports.
-- Be unable to follow multi-step instructions to complete a physical task (e.g. obstacle course).
-- Be generally ‘disorganised’.
-- Be late in reaching developmental milestones (i.e. sit, crawl, walk, run and hop).
-- Move stiffly and lacks fluid body movement or alternatively looks awkward and appears clumsy.
-- Avoid physical activity.
-- Struggle to get themselves ready on time.
-- Have difficulty collecting materials for school (e.g. getting out materials such as the right book for a classroom activity).
-- Have difficulty collecting the materials needed for play activities.
-- Have difficulty packing their bag for school.
-- Appear lazy and does not complete work (when in fact they may not know how to start the task).
-- Have difficulty getting thoughts down on paper.
-- Be unable to plan and correctly sequence events or steps in a process (e.g. step forward before throwing).
-- Fail to perform movement safely (e.g. climbing).
-- Need to put in more effort than their peers to complete a task.
-- Have difficulty knowing where their body is in relation to objects and people and frequently falls, trips, and/or bumps into obstacles. (https://childdevelopment.com.au/areas-of-concern/organisation/planning-and-sequencing-praxis/)
Call us today if you believe your loved one has any of these issues.